The Awesome Power Of Compounding

This week will be a simple blog, yet it could be one of the most important things you’ll ever read. And while the concept may seem rudimentary, it is extraordinarily powerful. This is how true wealth is created; not by excessive trading or via arcane investment strategies. No, true wealth is built by compounding your money over time. It’s really as simple as that.

For the purposes of this illustration, we’re assuming two college friends, each of whom just turned 21. Investor A (Bob) decides to spend his extra money on new clothes and parties each month for the ensuing seven years, while Investor B (Mary) lives more conservatively and instead starts each year by putting $2,000 in her discount brokerage account.

Next, we’ll assume a compounded annual rate of return of 10%, which is a bit high I understand, but you’ll get the idea. After seven years, Mary’s portfolio is worth almost $21,000, while Bob has nothing. Upon hearing of her accumulated wealth at a New Year’s Eve party, Bob finally gets with the program and starts to save that same $2,000 each year. At the same time, Mary decides it’s time to start enjoying herself a little more, so she no longer saves that $2,000. 40 years goes by, after which time Bob and Mary get together over drinks to compare notes on their lives. Mary’s portfolio was then worth $930,641 with only the original $14,000 invested, whereas Bob’s portfolio is worth a smaller $893,704, even though he had put in $80,000 over those 40 years!

So as you can see, thanks to the incredible power of compounding, Mary made 66x her money, while Bob only made 11x his money, simply because Mary started sooner and allowed her money to compound. That is how you build wealth.

Now I realize that it’s not possible to earn a constant 10%, or any percent for that matter, every single year. Some years you’ll make more; others years less. Yet the concept, and the math, is both powerful and irrefutable.

So what does this mean for everyday investors? The first takeaway is to start saving early; the earlier the better. The second is to reinvest your interest and dividends. Third, and related to the last point, is to invest in companies that pay dividends, and preferably, increase those payments every year. One of the greatest investors of the last 50 years, Warren Buffett, built his fortune by compounding his investments.

I have tried to incorporate the same basic strategy into the way I manage investments on behalf of my clients: I buy solid, dividend-paying stocks, reinvest the income, and continue to hold the stock for as long as the investment thesis remains intact, thereby deferring taxes, which also helps you compound your income.

This isn’t rocket science. But it does require discipline and patience. It isn’t sexy but it is the surest way to accumulate wealth. So if you haven’t already done so, get started right away.

 

The Power Of Compounding
(Assumes a 10% compounded annual growth rate)
Investor A Investor B
Age Contribution Year-End Value Age Contribution Year-End Value
21  $               –  $                    – 21  $        2,000  $             2,200
22  $               –  $                    – 22  $        2,000  $             4,620
23  $               –  $                    – 23  $        2,000  $             7,282
24  $               –  $                    – 24  $        2,000  $           10,210
25  $               –  $                    – 25  $        2,000  $           13,431
26  $               –  $                    – 26  $        2,000  $           16,974
27  $               –  $                    – 27  $        2,000  $           20,872
28  $        2,000  $             2,200 28  $               –  $           22,959
29  $        2,000  $             4,620 29  $               –  $           25,255
30  $        2,000  $             7,282 30  $               –  $           27,780
31  $        2,000  $           10,210 31  $               –  $           30,558
32  $        2,000  $           13,431 32  $               –  $           33,614
33  $        2,000  $           16,974 33  $               –  $           36,976
34  $        2,000  $           20,872 34  $               –  $           40,673
35  $        2,000  $           25,159 35  $               –  $           44,741
36  $        2,000  $           29,875 36  $               –  $           49,215
37  $        2,000  $           35,062 37  $               –  $           54,136
38  $        2,000  $           40,769 38  $               –  $           59,550
39  $        2,000  $           47,045 39  $               –  $           65,505
40  $        2,000  $           53,950 40  $               –  $           72,055
41  $        2,000  $           61,545 41  $               –  $           79,261
42  $        2,000  $           69,899 42  $               –  $           87,187
43  $        2,000  $           79,089 43  $               –  $           95,905
44  $        2,000  $           89,198 44  $               –  $        105,496
45  $        2,000  $        100,318 45  $               –  $        116,045
46  $        2,000  $        112,550 46  $               –  $        127,650
47  $        2,000  $        126,005 47  $               –  $        140,415
48  $        2,000  $        140,805 48  $               –  $        154,456
49  $        2,000  $        157,086 49  $               –  $        169,902
50  $        2,000  $        174,995 50  $               –  $        186,892
51  $        2,000  $        194,694 51  $               –  $        205,581
52  $        2,000  $        216,364 52  $               –  $        226,140
53  $        2,000  $        240,200 53  $               –  $        248,754
54  $        2,000  $        266,420 54  $               –  $        273,629
55  $        2,000  $        295,262 55  $               –  $        300,992
56  $        2,000  $        326,988 56  $               –  $        331,091
57  $        2,000  $        361,887 57  $               –  $        364,200
58  $        2,000  $        400,276 58  $               –  $        400,620
59  $        2,000  $        442,503 59  $               –  $        440,682
60  $        2,000  $        488,953 60  $               –  $        484,750
61  $        2,000  $        540,049 61  $               –  $        533,225
62  $        2,000  $        596,254 62  $               –  $        586,548
63  $        2,000  $        658,079 63  $               –  $        645,203
64  $        2,000  $        726,087 64  $               –  $        709,723
65  $        2,000  $        800,896 65  $               –  $        780,695
66  $        2,000  $        883,185 66  $               –  $        858,765
67  $        2,000  $        973,704 67  $               –  $        944,641
Less Total Invested:  $           80,000  Less Total Invested:  $           14,000
Net Earnings:  $        893,704  Net Earnings:  $        930,641
Money Growth Multiple: 11      66
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